The food and drink we eat travels down the food pipe (oesophagus) into the stomach. The stomach mixes the food and any drinks you have had with more fluid. Some of the fluids you have drunk move through the bowel wall into the blood. This blood is then pumped to your kidneys, which filter out the waste. This waste moves from the kidneys down a tube into your bladder. This is your wee. When your bladder is full, a message is sent to your brain telling you to go for a wee.
Ideally your wee should be light yellow (almost like water) and it should not be painful or feel uncomfortable when you go to the toilet. If your wee is dark or you feel uncomfortable when going for a wee, this can be a sign that you are dehydrated or have an infection. This may be a sign that you need to drink more.
Our bladders have to learn how to work well. The time for this to happen can be different from one person to another. Some children may wet themselves during the day, some may wet themselves at night, and some may wet themselves in the day and at night time. This is normal and all part of your body growing up. There are lots of things that you can do to help your bladder work well. If you are worried about your wee, speak to your parent/carer or the school nurse.
Top tips for a healthy bladder
- Drink at least six to eight glasses of fluid a day, preferably water. This helps to stretch the bladder so that it can hold more. Try to avoid fizzy drinks as these can make you wee more.
- Make sure that your drinks are spread out during the day, even when you are at school. Do not forget your water bottle!
- Boys! Shake any drips from your penis.
- Girls! Wipe from front to back (vagina to bottom).
- Flush the toilet.
- Wash your hands every time you have been to the toilet.