When you have a drink, the fluid goes down into the stomach and then into your bowel where some of it is absorbed into the blood. This blood is then pumped to your kidneys, which filter out the waste.
This waste moves from the kidneys down a tube into your bladder. This is your wee. When your bladder is full, a message is sent to your brain telling you to go for a wee.
When you’ve drunk enough, your wee should be light yellow. It should not be painful or feel uncomfortable when you go to the toilet.
If your wee is dark or it does feel uncomfortable when you go for a wee, you may be dehydrated or have an infection.
As you grow, the muscles in your bladder get stronger and you learn to control the flow of your wee. This happens at different times for different people.
Some children may wet themselves during the day, some may wet themselves at night, and some may wet themselves in the day and at night time. This is normal and all part of your body growing up, but there are lots of things that you can do to help your bladder work well.
If you are worried about your wee, speak to your parent/carer or the school nurse.
Top tips for a healthy bladder
- Drink at least six to eight glasses of fluid a day, preferably water. This helps to stretch the bladder so that it can hold more. Try to avoid fizzy drinks as these can make you wee more.
- Make sure that your drinks are spread out during the day, even when you are at school. Do not forget your water bottle!
- Boys- Shake any drips from your penis
- Girls- Wipe from front to back (vagina to bottom)
- Flush the toilet
- Wash your hands every time you have been to the toilet