If you spend too much time in the sun without sun cream on, you will get sunburnt – your skin gets bright red, is very sore to touch and is hot. If you have really bad sunburn you might even get blisters on your skin.
Too much time in the sun can also lead to sunstroke – this is when your body overheats and you can feel really sick and dizzy.
To stop both these things from happening you can:
- Reapply your sun cream every two hours. Ask someone to help you put your sun cream on to make sure that you are totally covered up – like your back, and don’t forget your ears or your toes!
- Wear a sun hat and sunglasses at all times – this will protect your head and eyes and help you look super cool!
- Don’t spend all day playing in the sun – even if you have sun cream, a sun hat and sunglasses on, make sure you cool down in the shade or indoors.
We need vitamin D to keep our bones and our teeth strong. We make vitamin D through exposing our skin to the sun – but only for a short amount of time!
To get enough vitamin D you should spend 10 – 15 minutes in the sunshine (without sun cream on!) with bare arms, hands and face two to three times a week. If you have darker skin, then this is 25 – 30 minutes two to three times a week. The rest of the time you should make sure you use sun cream, a sun hat and sunglasses.
To stop yourself getting sunburnt, get your parent or carer to help you put on sun cream that is SPF 30 or above at least 20 minutes before you go out in the sun. For more information, please head over to the NHS Choices website.